Welcome to the War & War Costs Section of the ADC Website
This section contains both historical and current information. Our Constitution is being undermined by the secret$Billions spent each month on our wars in Iraq (Now A $4Billion Pentagon Funded Contractor-Covert War), Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen, and other CIA (Black Budget), covert actions and killing wars in many foreign countries. We are engaged in CIA actions in Syria and initiated a U.S. Africa Military Command for wars there.
The United States is borrowing money from foreign countries to finance these current wars. Instead of assessing a war tax or having the public invest in war bonds to pay for them it is now being suggested that domestic programs be cut in order to pay for these wars. Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, Food Stamps, and other domestic government spending programs , like food stamps, are now on the chopping block to fund these unlimited wars and covert actions.
The U.S. Navy is engaged in 5-Year Warfare Testing Experiments in the Pacific, Atlantic, and the Gulf of Mexico (including most Island areas like Hawaii, the Mariana Islands). The programs began in 2008/2009, and are more are being approved each day (16 different U.S. Navy Environmental Impact Statements and other documents...one for each 5-Year Test Area)...See U.S. Navy Section of the ADC. Several U.S. Senators and U.S. Congressmen Mike Thompson and Henry Waxman have noted that 11.7 Million marine mammals, their breeding habitat, National Marine Sanctuaries, and biologically sensitive areas are now being sacrificed in the name of war testing.
The U.S. Navy has gone to In the name of "War Practice" the U.S. Navy is destroying our oceans with live fire exercises, bomb blasts, sonar, missile exercises, toxic chemicals, and experimental weapons testing:
Now is the time to end our foreign involvement in wars and start to spend money to rebuild America and protect our domestic programs. We need jobs at home not ever-increasing war expenditures. President Obama, and most of the Democrats, along with Republican members of congress, want to continue warfare spending for the next decade threatening an economic collapse of the United States. Drone warfare, CIA covert action, Pentagon Funded Wars, and a whole host of military expenditures on contractors are keeping the U.S. bankrupt. Now drones, robots, surveillance, and other warfare weapons are being funded for local use by the U.S. government.
Soon there will be so few jobs left in the U.S. which aren't war driven that the entire U.S. economy will collapse except for the war industry. And the surveillance and spying on American citizens continues unabated at this time. Those who expose these programs are now targeted by our government, including the news media, for surveillance and in some instances criminal prosecution destroying the U.S. Constitution in the process.
The time is now for a real public debate on our current wars. It is time to withdraw from the never-ending quagmires our past two presidents have initiated (Bush/Cheney), and perpetuated (Obama/Biden and the U.S. Congress), at public expense. American war dead count in the thousands...thousands more with injuries and PTSD, suicides and unemployment among veterans rising...the toll of our wars is being felt at home. And help for Veterans coming home with their lives is being reduced as more domestic programs cuts are planned and more jobs are shipped to foreign countries.
It is time to re-examine our war policies today especially our intent to overthrow the governments of other countries in the Middle East, Africa, and South America. Our empire building and our war mongering has gone awry and become criminal in many ways as the secret and covert wars escalate with ever-increasing military budgets and covert power being used by the U.S. And there is no end in sight.
Items of Interest
Natural Resources in Foreign Countries
War Questions & Discussion
Refugees of War - Shock & Awe Policies
Iraq - Starting in January 2012, this will be a Pentagon-Funded War = $4Billion Price Tag
THE COST OF WAR
GUANTANAMO & WAR DETAINEES - Legal & Moral Problems
South America - Haiti & Other Countries
War Veterans - Injured - Homeless - Jobless - Disabled - Suffering PTSD - Suicides - Dead
The war costs that most don't see that will last entire lifetimes. How many more are we willing to sacrifice?
Another Long War - When Will the Pain, Suffering & Death End?
Globalization - Weapons Sales - Genocide - Starvation - Unending Wars & Conflicts
Foreign Exploitation of Africa for Natural Resources, Land & Water
Weapons of War - Ground - Space - Drones - Electromagnetic - Land Mines - Smart Bombs
The New "Shock & Awe Weapons" of Mass Destruction (See U.S. Navy Section)
North & South Korea
Libya - Turkey - Egypt
Detainees - Torture - Renditions
Covert Actions - Spying + War Killing Actions (Taken Over Military Functions) in Foreign Countries (See Video Below).
Private Contractors - Blackwater & Others
(Enormous Cost of Outsourcing War by Contract)
U.S. Government Policies
The First Gulf War
C-SPAN2 Book Discussion on National Insecurity - January 22, 2013
"...Melvin Goodman talked about his book, National Insecurity: The Cost of American Militarism, in which he argues that our current level of spending on defense is excessive and is making us less secure. Mr. Goodman also answered questions from the audience at the Commonwealth Club of California in San Francisco..."
"The Oil Kings: How the U.S., Iran, and Saudi Arabia Changed the Balance of Power in the Middle East" Book by Andrew Scott Cooper
C-SPAN2 (October 29, 2011) About the Program - Andrew Scott Cooper has worked for the United Nations, Human Rights Watch, and other nonprofit organizations. He discusses the deal for oil made between the Ford Administration and the Saudi government in 1976 - an effort to undercut the power of OPEC - and the impact it had on the Shah's regime in Iran. Also addresses events leading up to today. Very interesting! Mr. Cooper spoke at the Gerald R. Ford Library in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
PBS NEED TO KNOW August 12, 2011
Look no further: The military’s detainee abuse investigation task force
By Lucy Kennedy
May 13, 2011
What is considered acceptable treatment of detainees in American custody has been a troublesome issue almost since the U.S. response to 9/11 began. The abuse of detainees at Abu Ghraib prison isn’t the only example that has come to light.
This week, the debate continues over whether the killing of Osama bin Laden was made possible, at least in part, by the practice the Bush administration called “enhanced interrogation techniques” and what critics call torture. Perhaps the larger question is whether those kinds of tactics are ever justified.
In a joint investigation with the Nation Institute Investigative Fund and reporter Joshua Phillips, Need to Know reveals, for the first time, the inner workings of a little-known U.S. military task force charged with examining cases of detainee abuse in Iraq. One of the special agents in charge describes the task force as under-resourced and hampered by a bureaucracy unable or unwilling to facilitate its investigations.
Phillips, who cracked open the secret world of American soldiers who admitted to torturing detainees in his book “None of Us Were Like This Before,” now focuses on whether allegations of torture have been properly investigated by the U.S. military.
“Inside the Detainee Abuse Task Force” by Joshua Phillips [The Nation]
General Wesley Clark on Democracy Now
March 2, 2007 Interview + Video
http://www.democracynow.org/2007/3/2/gen_wesley_clark_weighs_presidential_bid (transcript of interview and different ways to listen or watch the show.)
"A Future for Drones-Automated Killing" September 19, 2011 Washington Post News Video.
Entire Article at:
"...This successful exercise in autonomous robotics could presage the future of the American way of war: a day when drones hunt, identify and kill the enemy based on calculations made by software, not decisions made by humans. Imagine aerial “Terminators,” minus beefcake and time travel..."
Guardian.co.uk News September 21, 2011 Drones: flight testing unmanned aircraft for civilian use - video
"...Drones have been used by the military for years. But now British scientists and engineers are designing and building unmanned aircraft for civilian use. Owen Bowcott joins Professor Jim Scanlan from the University of Southampton, whose academics are developing data-gathering drones for commercial customers..."
Senate Investigates Counterfeit Parts in Military Equipment
Washington, DC Presentation by C-SPAN
Tuesday, November 8, 2011
A Senate Armed Services Committee investigation found over a million suspect parts in the Pentagon's supply chain, mostly from China. Committee leaders say the counterfeit parts are a danger to U.S. troops and cost taxpayers.
Committee Chairman Carl Levin (D-MI) and ranking Republican John McCain (R-AZ) gave several examples where the Defense Department had to replace faulty electronics at taxpayer expense. One was counterfeit transistors in a helicopter night vision system. In another instance a cockpit video display on an Air Force C-27J transport plane had bogus memory chips that could cause it to display the wrong information.
Testifying at a hearing today on the matter was the head of the Missile Defense Agency, as well as officials from defense contracting companies Raytheon, L-3 Communications, and Boeing. Additional testimonies included a government investigator and representatives of companies that distribute the potentially faulty components.
C-SPAN Hearing - Tuesday, November 8, 2011 Washington, DC
A Senate Armed Services Committee investigation found over a million suspect parts in the Pentagon's supply chain, mostly from China. Committee leaders say the counterfeit parts are a danger to U.S. troops and cost taxpayers.
Committee Chairman Carl Levin (D-MI) and ranking Republican John McCain (R-AZ) gave several examples during a Monday news conference where the Defense Department had to replace faulty electronics at taxpayer expense. One was counterfeit transistors in a helicopter night vision system. In another instance a cockpit video display on an Air Force C-27J transport plane had bogus memory chips that could cause it to display the wrong information.
Testifying at a hearing today on the matter will be the head of the Missile Defense Agency, as well as officials from defense contracting companies Raytheon, L-3 Communications, and Boeing. Additional testimonies will include a government investigator and representatives of companies that distribute the potentially faulty components.
C-SPAN Video: Australian Parliament Speech by President Obama: November 16, 2011 White House Foreign Trip Australian Parliament
(President Obama's New World Order Speech With U.S. Military as the Enforcer at Public Expense)
President Obama addressed the Australian Parliament. He told members that the United States would play a "larger and more long-term" role in the Asia-Pacific region. His remarks followed Prime Minister Julia Gillard's announcement of a new military partnership between the two countries, which would include deploying about 2,500 U.S. troops to operate from a base in northern Australia.
C-SPAN October 22, 2011 Texas Book Festival: Dana Priest, "Top Secret America: The Rise of the New American Security State" - From the Texas Book Festival in Austin, Dana Priest talks about her latest book. "Top Secret America."
Dana Priest a national security reporter for the Washington Post. Ms. Priest is the author of The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace with America’s Military. "Dana Priest talked about her book Top Secret America: The Rise of the New American Security State. In her book she argues that the top-secret world that the government created in response to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks has become so enormous and secretive that no one knows how much money it costs, how many people it employs, or exactly how many agencies duplicate work being done elsewhere, with the result that the system put in place to keep the United States safe may be putting us it greater danger. She was interviewed by Brenda Bell and responded to questions from members of the audience."
The Following MASH Clip Talks About White Phosphorus also used by the United States. The horror of war is not just perpetuated by foreign countries but by the United States as part of our own Weapons of Mass Destruction Arsenal.
Whether we drop bombs via Drone or manned Aircraft is not the issue...it is still Waging War and not Peace. When people are killed or injured in war or in the thousands of genocide and other wars being waged around the world it sets in motion anger and hatred for the perpetrators who engaged in these practices which can last for generations.
Huffington Post - December 20, 2011 Video
Residents in Cawley County, Kansas video taped a wrapped object that looked much like a UFO. The Mystery Craft was towed down U.S. 77 on Monday, December 20, 2011. Transport company told the Sheriff that it was an aircraft.
Commonwealth Event-October 21, 2011 PODCAST - Broadcast on C-SPAN November 23, 2011
Beyond Petroleum: Navy Seals Leading the Charge (The U.S. Air Force is also Experimenting with Biofuels.)
Jackalyne Pfannenstiel, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Energy & Installations
Jeremy Carl, Research Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
The U.S. military has ambitious plans to reduce its dangerous dependence on oil and other fossil fuels. Can the buying power of the Pentagon drive innovation in new energy technologies and create markets?
This conversation explores how the U.S. Navy and other military branches can align their intellectual and financial capital to accelerate and broaden the transition to cleaner sources of electricity and transportation fuels for American forces and the American economy.
(Note: Biofuels are being considered as one of the major alternate fuels which will have a negative impact on agriculture crop production for food. As more land used for food production is turned into biofuel crops food prices will rise and soil depletion will accelerate along with the use of genetically modified weeds and other crops. This direction of our military is unsustainable in the long term and will have detrimental worldwide consequences in the next few years.)
Bill Moyers, October 27, 1991. Speaking about the first Gulf War.
1996. U.S. embargo on Iraq and Panama War
2003 Dennis Kucinich DNC winter meeting
2003 KQED. Dennis Kucinich
March 2, 2004. BookTV, Noam Chomsky
60 minutes about 1991 Gulf War syndrom
BookTV: E-bomb Doug Beason
Canada Missile Shield. NORAD
Nightline: Carter and Reagan: Iranian hostages
Nightline: Carter and Reagan: Iranian hostages
On the day before the 10-year anniversary of the opening of Guantanamo Bay prison, panelists talked about its future and the political debate surrounding the closing of the detention facility.
"Guantánamo Forever?" January 10, 2012 C-SPAN
Future of Guantanamo Bay
- Rep. Jim Moran (D-VA) Senior Member, House Appropriations Defense Subcommittee
- Andy Worthington Author, The Guantánamo Files: The Stories of the 774 Detainees in America's Illegal Prison Co-Director, "Outside the Law: Stories from Guantánamo"
- Col. (ret) Morris Davis Executive Director, Crimes of War Education Project
- Former Chief Prosecutor, U.S. Military Commissions at Guantánamo
- Thomas Wilner Partner, Shearman & Sterling LLP Represented Guantánamo detainees in the Rasul v. Bush and Boumediene v. Bush cases
- Moderator: Peter Bergen Director, National Security Studies Program New America Foundation
- 1 hour, 31 minutes
SENATOR HAGEL - U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing Speaking to Secretary Rice (The George W. Bush Administration):
"... but I would even begin with this evaluation: that we owe the military and their families a policy, a policy worthy of their sacrifices, and I don't believe, Dr. Rice, we have that policy today.
I think what the President said last night, and I listened carefully and read through it again this morning, is all about a broadened American involvement, escalation in Iraq and the Middle East. I do not agree with that escalation. And I would further note that when you say, as you have here this morning, that we need to address, and help the Iraqis, and pay attention to the fact that Iraqis are being killed. Madame Secretary, Iraqis are killing Iraqis. We are in a civil war. This is sectarian violence out of control -- Iraqi on Iraqi. Worse, it is inter-sectarian violence -- Shiites killing Shiites.
To ask our young men and women to sacrifice their lives, to be put in the middle of a civil war is wrong.
It's, first of all, in my opinion, morally wrong. It's tactically, strategically, militarily wrong. We will not win a war of attrition in the Middle East.
And I further note that you talk about skepticism and pessimism of the American people and some in Congress. That is not some kind of a subjective analysis, that is because, Madame Secretary, we've been there almost four years, and there's a reason for that skepticism and pessimism, and that is based on the facts on the ground, the reality of the dynamics.
And so I have been one, as you know, who have believed that the appropriate focus is not to escalate, but to try to find a broader incorporation of a framework. And it will have to be, certainly, regional, as many of us have been saying for a long time. That should not be new to anyone. But it has to be more than regional, it is going to have to be internationally sponsored, and that's going to include Iran and Syria.
When you were engaging Chairman Biden on this issue, on the specific question: Will our troops go into Iran or Syria in pursuit, based on what the president said last night, you cannot sit here today, not because you're dishonest or you don't understand...but no one in our government can sit here today and tell Americans that we won't engage the Iranians and the Syrians cross-border.
Some of us remember 1970, Madame Secretary, and that was Cambodia...And when our government lied to the American people and said we didn't cross the border going into Cambodia. In fact we did. I happen to know something about that, as do some on this committee.
So, Madame Secretary, when you set in motion the kind of policy that the president is talking about here, it's very, very dangerous. Matter of fact, I have to say, Madame Secretary, that I think this speech given last night by this president represents the most dangerous foreign policy blunder in this country since Vietnam. If it's carried out. I will resist it..."
"On History: Tariq Ali and Oliver Stone In Conversation"
With Tariq Ali January 19, 2012 - About the Program - C-SPAN 2 Books
Filmmaker Oliver Stone and author and filmmaker Tariq Ali present their thoughts on the politics of history and what they consider to be hidden aspects of American history. Their discussion ranges across several topics, from American involvement against the Russian Revolution to a profile of the labor union, the Industrial Workers of the World. Oliver Stone and Tariq Ali speak at the New York Public Library in New York City. About the Authors - Tariq Ali is the author of several books, including The Obama Syndrome: Surrender at Home, War Abroad and The Duel: Pakistan on the Flight Path of American Power. He is the editor of New Left Review. For more information, visit tariqali.org.
Texas cops hit obstacles (and their own truck)testing UAVs; drones coming anyway
IT World News - March 5, 2012
"...High maintenance costs, frequent errors and crashes slow tests in various Texas police agencies (and other States).
Drones: Unreliable but soon to be ubiquitous
Expensive, crash prone or not, unmanned aerial vehicles will become far more common in the U.S. following legislation signed by President Obama ordering the FAA to approve more UAVs for law enforcement and fire/emergency uses beginning in 90 days.
The FAA has restricted use of drones domestically due to concerns that UAVs flown by untrained operators would become a hazard to other aircraft and danger to people on the ground.
The Obama order gives the FAA until Sept. 30, 2015 to make legal drones that are lighter than 4.4 pounds and fly lower than 400 feet.
They won't just be for police, though. The legislation doesn't limit the uses for which its drones can be used, which will almost certainly make life much easier for paparazzi, stalkative exes and hordes of the intrusive, nosy and curious..."
C-SPAN Video: U.S. House Democratic Steering and Policy Committee Hearing: Gasoline Prices & Market Speculation - April 4, 2012
The House Democratic Steering Committee heard testimony on the impact of Wall Street speculators on gas prices. Among the topics they addressed were production capacity in the U.S., the affect of speculation in oil markets, and the impact of geopolitical unrest.
C-SPAN Video - Tax System - April 11, 2012
Americans for Democratic Action Education Fund
The panel will focus on inequities in the tax code and how to make the system fairer. Topics will include the lower rate on investment income vs. earned income; the mischaracterization of high-end salaries as investment income; offshore tax avoidance schemes; corporate tax loopholes; and the income cap on Social Security contributions.
The Congressional Progressive Caucus is serving as honorary host of this event.
Dean Baker of the Center for Economic and Policy Research;
Elspeth Gilmore, co-director of Resource Generation;
Mike Lapham, director of the Responsible Wealth project at United for A Fair Economy;
Chuck Marr, Director of Federal Tax Policy at the Center for Budget and Policy Priorities;
Robert McIntyre, founder of Citizens for Tax Justice;
Rebecca Thiess, Federal Budget Policy Analyst at the Economic Policy Institute
Moderator: John Nichols, Nation magazine
"...Washington, DC - Sunday, April 22, 2012 - C-SPAN - This week on Q&A, author Douglas Wissing discusses his latest narrative, “Funding the Enemy: How U.S. Taxpayers Bankroll the Taliban.” Mr. Wissing states in his book that for a variety of reasons, much of the taxpayer money the United States spends in Afghanistan is being diverted and used for funding the Taliban. Wissing describes his experiences obtained from being an embedded journalist with five different units of the National Guard, including the agricultural business development team and the provincial reconstruction team.
He describes the existing government of Afghan President Hamid Karzai as “wholly corrupt.” He offers examples of U.S. government spending projects which wind their way through a mostly corrupt bidding process by Afghan contractors. He asserts that money skimmed from bribes and drug trafficking is indirectly going to support the Taliban’s efforts against America in Afghanistan. He states that aid dollars from the United States are being distributed yet there is little effort to follow through and verify the intended results of that distribution. He concludes that it is time for the United States to end its military involvement in Afghanistan.
Douglas Wissing is an independent journalist and author. He studied history and political science at Indiana University and is the author of five other books including “Pioneer in Tibet: The Life and Perils of Dr. Albert Shelton.” (2004) He has contributed to the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, National Geographic Traveler, and NPR networks, among others..."
C-SPAN-2 Video - Book: United States of Fear - February 10, 2012
Tom Engelhardt, creator and editor of TomDispatch.com, argues that the U.S. government successfully used the threat of terrorism to scare the public into supporting increased spending on war, the military, and homeland security, leading the country down the same path the Soviet Union took just prior to its collapse. During this event, Mr. Engelhardt is in conversation with journalist and author Jeremy Scahill. Hosted by New York University.
Homeland Security Advisor Speaks about Ethics of White House Strategy - Washington, DC - Monday, April 30, 2012 - C-SPAN Video - John Brennan, the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism, confirmed the use of drones in terrorist strikes Monday at the Wilson Center in Washington, DC. He called the strikes “legal, ethical and wise,” using the highest standards to best try to limit loss of civil life. Brennan was the former director of the CIA's National Counterterrorism Center.
C-SPAN2 Video - BOOK: The Race's For What's Left March 20, 2012: "...Michael Klare looks at what countries around the world are doing to secure dwindling resources like coal, uranium, cooper, water, and arable land. He spoke at the Carnegie Council in New York City..."
C-SPAN Video - U.S. Senate Hearing - May 23, 2012 = "...Law of the Sea Treaty (This should be opposed) - Senate Committee Foreign Relations= Secretaries Clinton and Panetta and Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Martin Dempsey testified on the United Nations Law of the Sea Treaty, an international convention that sets rules for under- and over-sea travel and commerce. The U.S. is the only major country that has not ratified the treaty. The witnesses argued in favor in favor of the U.S. signing the agreement for reasons that included national security, job creation, oil exploration, and countering China's influence in Asia. Senators who argued against the treaty cited loss of sovereignty, imposition of an international tax, and the allowance of foreign nations to regulate U.S. energy emissions as the basis for their disapproval. Secretary Clinton in her opening statement said that opposition to the treaty is based on "ideology and mythology."
Washington, DC - C-SPAN Video "...Thursday, June 7, 2012-Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff answers questions from members of the press at the Pentagon. Questions from the media included inquiries about the situations in Afghanistan and Syria, the DOD budget, and the nuclear talks with Iran. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta is nearing the end of an eight-day trip through Asia as part of the Obama Administration's stated goal of moving more of it's defense resources to the Asia-Pacific region..."
C-SPAN Video - Defense Spending & Public Opinion - July 16, 2012 "...Panelists talked about Defense Department spending and the looming sequestration cuts. They unveiled the results of a recently-conducted survey in which Americans were given defense budgeting information and were asked to create their own Pentagon budget. On average, the survey respondents cut 18 percent in spending to the defense budget. Sequestration would cut an additional $500 billion over a decade on top of the $487 billion of cuts agreed to under the Budget Control Act..."
Q&A - C-SPAN Interview with David Wood - Washington, DC
Sunday, July 22, 2012 "...This week on Q&A, our guest is David Wood, senior military correspondent for the Huffington Post. He discusses winning the 2012 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting. He authored a ten part series for the Huffington Post named ”Beyond the Battlefield: The War Goes on for the Severely Wounded.” Wood describes spending over nine months speaking and interacting with severely wounded veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. In addition, he recounts his interviews with the families of the soldiers, as well as more than two dozen military surgeons, combat medics, therapists, nurses and others at treatment facilities across the country. He states that with medical advancements, almost every soldier who is wounded on the battlefield is being saved for some period of time. His goal was to write about what life was like for these people who were severely wounded, and share their personal struggles with everyday life. The prize winning series has been released as a Huffington Post e-book as well as being available online. Wood also talks about his early years covering wars, including his receiving the Gerald R. Ford Journalism award for distinguished reporting on national defense. David Wood is the Senior Military Correspondent for the Huffington Post. Prior to that, he worked at Politics Daily. He has written for the Baltimore Sun, Time Magazine, the Newhouse News Agency, and the Los Angeles Times. He has a Bachelor’s degree from Temple University, is married with five children, and lives in Washington, D.C..."
CNN News - Security Clearance August 15, 2012 Article & Video on U.S. Air Force Wind Rider Supersonic Aircraft http://security.blogs.cnn.com/2012/08/14/imagine-flying-from-new-york-to-london-in-under-an-hour/
U.S. Air Force Supersonic Aircraft Fails Flight Test Again - Faulty Fin Dooms Hypersonic Jet
Vehicle Flies Out Of Control Before Main Engine Could Be Ignited - August 15, 2012
What is the cost to taxpayers for this Supersonic Aircraft and for all of these tests?
August 17, 2012 NBC News Article & Video
"Researcher Creates Most Powerful MASER Ever With Spare Parts"
The term MASER is actually an acronym, like LASER: Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (for laser, substitute "light" for "microwave").
"...MASER stands for Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Devices based on this process and known by the same acronym were developed by scientists more than 50 years ago, before the first LASERs were invented.
Instead of creating intense beams of light, as in the case of LASERs, MASERs deliver a concentrated beam of microwaves...The research was funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and, at NPL, through the UK's National Measurement Office. The full paper, 'Room-temperature solid-state maser', was published in Nature on 16 August 2012..."
C-SPAN Book TV February 3, 2013 - Book: "Going to Tehran: Why the United States Must Come to Terms with the Islamic Republic of Iran" by Flynt Leverett & Hillary Mann Leverett who "
...argue that the U.S. needs to change its policy towards the government of Iran, which they say is a rational actor that will play a leading role in the Middle East for many years to come...Flynt Leverett is a professor of international affairs at Penn State. From 1992 to 2003, he worked on Middle East policy at the National Security Council, The State Department, and the CIA. Prof. Leverett is the author of "Inheriting Syria: Bashar's Trial By Fire...Hillary Mann Leverett is a senior professorial lecturer at the American University in Washington, DC and a visiting scholar at Peking University in Beijing, China. She served as director for Iran, Afghanistan and Persian Gulf Affairs at the National Security Council under President George W. Bush, and has negotiated with Iranian officials on behalf of the U.S. government..."
Guardian.co.uk Investigation March 6, 2013 - Iraq Torture Centers Video & Article
"...A 15-month investigation by the Guardian and BBC Arabic reveals how retired US colonel James Steele, a veteran of American proxy wars in El Salvador and Nicaragua, played a key role in training and overseeing US-funded special police commandos who ran a network of torture centres in Iraq. Another special forces veteran, Colonel James Coffman, worked with Steele and reported directly to General David Petraeus, who had been sent into Iraq to organise the Iraqi security services..."
"Exclusive: General David Petraeus and 'dirty wars' veteran behind commando units implicated in detainee abuse"
March 6, 2013 Guardian.co.uk Article by Smith, Madlena, O'Kane
Guardian.co.uk Investigation into Colonel James Coffman - Iraq Torture March 6, 2013
"...This is the only known footage of former special forces veteran James Steele in Iraq. He is seen standing next to Colonel James Coffman, who has described himself as being General David Petraeus's 'eyes and ears on the ground' in Iraq. Petraeus financed the Special Police Commandos out of a multimillion-dollar fund..."