Welcome to the Boron Section of the ADC Website.
In 2003, California Skywatch started to investigate contaminants in drinking water in California using water test data from the California State Department of Health.
In recent years Boron tests have been increasing with positive results in California drinking water tests. Skywatch became interested in some unusual spikes and also that this contaminant was being found in more and more tests taken throughout California. This raised serious questions about the source of the Boron in these usual water test results.
We do know that Diborane has been used historically in U.S. Upper Atmospheric Testing: http://www.agriculturedefensecoalition.org/content/diborane and may still be used for this purpose today.
The California EPA has an extensive database on Boron: http://www.calepa.ca.gov/
The ADC is conducting, at this time, an extensive search of the California State Department of Health, Drinking Water Division water test results, in order to make this information public. (Anyone may contact the State of California receive this water testing data free of charge.) I have placed a few early results below for your information.
The PDF files below cover a wide variety of topics associated with Boron and its usage, health effects, and other information.
It wasn't until March 11, 2011, that one of the unusual uses for Boron was highlighted. The Japan Nuclear Disaster created a need for large amounts of Boron to be shipped to Japan by the United States, South Korea, and the French government. In March 2011, tons of Boron was shipped to Japan and much more may be been shipped since March. (It was surprising to note that so much Boron was on hand - already manufactured - and ready to be shipped.)
For more information about the Nuclear Power Plant Disaster in Japan on March 11, 2011: http://www.agriculturedefensecoalition.org/?q=content/japan-disaster-2011
In early reports Secretary Hillary Clinton noted on March 11, 2011, that the United States would be shipping Boron to Japan. She later denied that Boron would be shipped from the U.S. to Japan. The U.S. Air Force, however, released photographs showing the loading and the flight of Boron Shipments to Japan.
What is the significance of these events?
Direct Quotes from a Los Angeles Times Articled dated March 14, 2011:
Why do the reactors have to be cooled?
"...Nuclear reactors operate through the chain-reaction splitting, or fissioning, of uranium atoms. The process creates heat used to turn water into steam. When an earthquake occurs, a safety mechanism inserts control rods into the core of the reactor to halt the chain reaction. But the fuel rods continue to produce excess amounts of heat for several days and must be cooled. If they are not cooled, they could melt, with potentially disastrous consequences, including the release of massive amounts of radiation into the environment.
What went wrong?
The tsunami disrupted the electrical grid that supplied power to the pumps that circulated cooling water at 11 reactors shut down in the quake area. But at six of those reactors, water from the tsunami also damaged the diesel generators that supplied backup power. The facilities had to rely on batteries, which had a life of only several hours.
What caused the explosions?
The uranium pellets in the fuel rods are sheathed in zirconium cladding. It appears some of the rods may have been exposed to the air and overheated. When the heated rods came into contact again with water, the zirconium would have been oxidized, releasing hydrogen. According to the Union of Concerned Scientists, which promotes nuclear safety, the containment vessels that surround the reactors are designed to allow about 1% of the volume of gas within to escape per day. The hydrogen apparently accumulated in the outer buildings that surround the containment vessels. Then explosions were touched off by sparks. The blasts damaged the outer buildings and the pumping systems, but did not breach the reactor containment vessels. (Note: We do know since the date of this article that more serious damage occurred in the early days after March 11, 2011.)
Why wasn't seawater pumped into the containment vessels earlier?
Seawater is very corrosive, particularly at high temperatures, so pumping it into the vessels is an indication that the Tokyo Electric Power Co., which operates the Fukushima No. 1 (Daiichi) facility, has given up on saving the reactors. Normally, reactors use only water that is distilled and free of all contaminants.
Why have officials added boron?
Boron is very good at absorbing neutrons that are released during the fission of uranium. It is one of the primary components of the control rods that are used to shut the reactor down. Adding it to the seawater helps tamp down heat production. It also will control a nuclear reaction should any of the fuel rods melt and fall to the reactor floor.
Japanese authorities say there has been a partial meltdown. What does that mean?
That statement is based on the detection of extremely small quantities of the isotopes cesium-137 and iodine-131 in the environment near the plant. Those two elements are byproducts of uranium fission. During the normal operation of a reactor, cesium-137 and iodine-131 migrate to the gap between the fuel pellets and the zirconium cladding. The fact that some quantities escaped into the environment suggests the cladding heated up and cracked to some degree. That does not mean any fuel has melted, although it is possible that a small amount did. Barring a major catastrophe, no one will know whether fuel has melted until they can get into the containment vessel and examine it..." End of LA Times Direct Quotes in article on March 14, 2011.
Why did Japan desperately need Boron?
Japan and the United States clearly knew, very quickly, on March 11, 2011, that the tremendous Earthquake and Tsunami that hit the nuclear power plants in Japan had done a tremendous amount of damage. Top nuclear experts in the U.S. and other countries were aware of the potential of such a disaster having experienced the Chernobyl disaster in Russia years earlier.
Japan did not have enough Boron on hand to mix with cooling water to control the nuclear reactions that were taking place after these two natural disasters. Thus, the requests went out to other countries asking for Boron and other supplies that they needed.
Revelations since March 11, 2011, clearly reveal the extent of damage that happened in the first few days of the disaster. And they also reveal a concerted effort to hide or delay releasing the facts in order to protect the revitalization of nuclear power in the United States ($34Billion in the current 2011, U.S. budget), and in other countries. Revealing the true dangers would not only jeopardize the proposed revitalization in the United States but could also lead to questions about the viability of our own nuclear power plants, their deficiencies, aging, uranium mining health effects and pollution, and nuclear waste problems.
The use of Boron, and shipping it to Japan, openly in full public view would let the public know how bad the nuclear disaster was in Japan and it would not give the U.S. government and other countries time to "spin" the news that everything was safe with few exceptions. Thus, the Boron story was downplayed to keep it secret from the majority of the U.S. public.
If it was openly revealed that Boron was being used, and why, then the public might reject the revitalization of nuclear power in the United States. In addition, they would start asking questions about the health effects of Boron released into the air, water, soil, and Pacific Ocean. These questions would raise additional "sticky" issues about human health and food safety.
Japan has had many nuclear accidents and problems for many years. The use of Boron by Japan is not new. In 2004, 2007, and 2009, earthquakes caused problems at different nuclear power plants in Japan. It is unknown how many of their plants are now shutdown due to damages from March 11, 2011, and the continuing earthquakes since that time. And these problems are only a few of many problems that have plagued nuclear reactors in Japan over the years.
The interesting part of the equation is that Boron has been showing up, sometimes unusually spiking across California, in drinking water tests. Some of these spikes were about the same time as the Japan Nuclear Power Plant problems in 2004, 2007, and 2009. It will be interesting to look at the California drinking water test results since March 11, 2011, to find out if there has been any Boron spikes.
Boron Has been Used Extensively in Japan Since March 11, 2011. Many countries, including the United States, have shipped tons of Boron to Japan.
The California EPA and other Agencies List Boron as a Drinking Water Contaminant.
Health Effects of Boron
Japan, the United States and Other Countries Knew that the Nuclear Disaster in Japan was Worse than they were admitting in public. In order to prevent the derailing of the Nuclear Power revitalization in the United States, and other countries, it was agreed that they would "downplay" or "coverup" the real disaster in Japan. And the U.S. would agree to limit Radiation Testing in the U.S. by the EPA stating that all readings were within "SAFE" limits for exposure. ($34Billion in nuclear revitalization funding at Taxpayer expense was at state just in the United States.)
Boron, being shipped to Japan by ton, demonstrated that with hours on March 11, 2011, Japan's nuclear power plants were in trouble.
Japan has had trouble with their nuclear power plants for over ten years. Some of the stories have leaked out to the media. On July 1, 2011 Dr. Sanja Gupta, from CNN, exposed part of the untold story in his special Report.
Boron & The United States Air Force
Boron - Universities & Agriculture
Boron - California State Department of Health, Drinking Water Divsion, Sacramento, CA
Drinking Water Tests Throughout California show increasing water contamination from Boron. We don't know where all the sources for the unusual boron spikes are coming from...but the number of positive test results are alleged to be increasing each year throughout the State of California.
Research should be conducted to find out if the increasing use of Boron, by Japan and the U.S., and other countries to control and cool nuclear reactors, are airborne or ocean sources of some unusual spikes in California. The test below are only a few of the many water test results found in California.
U.S. Navy - Pollywell Nuclear Reactor - Testing Ongoing in Pacific Ocean in 2011
This is a controversial nuclear experiment which has not been publicized to any great extent. (The ADC section on Diborane has additional information on Boron.)